Climate and Resources Update: Government Plans to Solve Water Menace, Wealth Inequality on the Rise, South Africa Struggles with Power and Water Shortages

Climate Crisis Deepens as Wealth Inequality Soars: Oxfam Report Shows Richest One Percent Accumulating 63% of New Wealth

A new report by Oxfam, an international anti-poverty charity, reveals that the world’s richest one percent have accumulated at least $26 trillion, or 63% of all new wealth created globally since 2020, while the rest of the world struggles with inflation, increasing income inequality, and a worldwide economic recession. The report warns that the wealth of the richest few will continue to skyrocket at the expense of the poor if governments do not implement stringent tax measures to curb their accumulation of wealth. Oxfam’s report also shows that the 130 wealthiest individuals in Kenya have more wealth than 33 million Kenyans combined, and the richest one percent have accumulated seven times more wealth than the poorest 50 percent of the population between 2020 and 2021.

Climate Change: The Simple, Serious, and Solvable Existential Threat

Climate change is an existential threat that requires immediate action. The causes of global warming are simple, the consequences are serious, and the solutions are solvable. Emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere cause the ozone layer to deplete, leading to an increase in temperature and a variety of negative consequences such as drought, melting of ice, and rising sea levels. To combat this, we must invest in clean and renewable energy sources such as solar, wind and geothermal, which would not cost more than 1% of GDP. We also urge everyone to rethink their carbon footprint and take action to protect the environment by planting trees, conserving water, and using alternative sources of energy.

Kenya Launches Ambitious Plan to Address Water Shortages with 10,000 Projects

The Kenyan government has launched an ambitious plan called the “Water 10,000 program” to deliver clean, safe and adequate water for all Kenyans. The program will focus on short, medium and long-term water projects that require minimal cost but have high impact and a quick turnaround, including construction of boreholes, water pans, small dams and springs, desilting of existing pans and dams, and solarization for sustainability. Under the short-term plan, the government aims to construct small dams and boreholes, while under the long-term plan, 100 large dams will be built across the country to address the water problem permanently. The government is also planning to complete sanitation projects in the counties under a medium-term plan, which is between six months and one year.

South Africa Struggles with Power and Water Shortages

South Africa is facing a crisis as power utility Eskom implemented Stage 6 of load shedding and the National Energy Regulator of South Africa (Nersa) approved a 18.6% tariff increase. This means that power cuts are scheduled over a four-day period for four hours at a time, and residents will be paying more for electricity that they are not getting enough of. The prolonged, high stages of load-shedding are also having an impact on water supply operations in the city, notably in the hilly neighbourhood areas where water needs to be pumped to get to people’s homes. The author reflects on their experiences living through rationing of water and power in Nairobi in 2000, and in Cape Town’s countdown to Day Zero in 2018, and draws parallels to the current situation in South Africa.

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What you can expect in climate change in Kenya in 2023

United Nations and partners call for $472.6 million to respond in 2023 as the drought in Kenya deepens

The United Nations and partners are calling for $472.6 million in aid to help 4.3 million drought-affected people in Kenya in 2023, as the crisis is expected to worsen. The drought in Kenya is the longest and most severe in recent history, and the needs of those in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) region continue to rise. It is estimated that 6.4 million people in ASALs will need humanitarian assistance in 2023.

At least 4.35 million people are going hungry and about 5 million do not have access to clean water. There have also been reports of children dropping out of school and increases in child marriage cases. Despite being an underfunded crisis, 89 humanitarian partners reached nearly 1 million people with aid between January and September 2022. However, the exceptional duration and severity of the drought has led to projections of a possible sixth consecutive poor rainy season from March to May 2023.

UN drought appeal 2023
A man gives water to a thirsty donkey in drought-stricken Kenya.

Below-average short rains ameliorate rangeland resources, but conditions remain poor.

The historic drought in Kenya is continuing, with the October to December 2022 short rains being the fifth consecutive below-average season. Rainfall at the end of November was less than 70% of the 30-year average across most of the country, with large areas in the northwest, north, and east recording less than 55% of the average. The short rains have provided some stabilization in water and pasture conditions in northern Kenya’s pastoral areas, but vegetation greenness is still less than 60% of the 10-year average.

In western Kenya, rainfall is average to above average, supporting agricultural production. Across pastoral areas, rangeland resources are still well below normal, and poor vegetation and long trekking distances for water are maintaining poor livestock conditions and low milk production. In the marginal agricultural areas, the area planted with staple food is below average due to the late onset and below-average rainfall, as well as constrained access to income for seeds and inputs. Staple food prices remain high across the country due to successive below-average production seasons, high demand, high marketing costs, and reduced cross-border imports. This is limiting household purchasing power, particularly for poor market-dependent households.

Kenya forecast for 2023
Map of Kenya showing expected food insecurity conditions in 2023.

Tree Planting Initiative to Benefit Local Community in 2023

On November 9th, 2022, Laikipia Air Base (LAB) in Nanyuki, Kenya, partnered with Kenya Water Towers to launch a tree planting initiative with the goal of planting over 30,000 trees within the region. This initiative is not only part of the Kenya Defence Forces’ environmental soldier program, but it is also expected to benefit the local community in 2023 by improving air quality and providing a source of shade and possibly even fruit.

The tree planting is also in support of the country’s plan to plant 5 billion new trees as part of its climate change mitigation efforts. The Base Commander, Brigadier Mohamud Farah, thanked Kenya Water Towers for their donation of 15,230 tree seedlings and participation in the program. The event was attended by LAB Commanding Officers, officers, base sergeant major, service members, and representatives from Kenya Water Towers.

Kdf tree planting Laikipia
Soldiers planting trees at Laikipia Air Base in Nanyuki, Kenya.

Understanding the Effects of the Drought in Kenya on the Economy and Financial Situation in 2023

In 2021, Kenya’s economy grew by 6.7% after a contraction of 0.3% in 2020. Growth was driven by the service industry and private consumption, which both benefited from supportive policies and eased COVID-19 restrictions. Inflation increased to 6.1% in 2021 from 5.3% in 2020 due to higher input costs. The fiscal deficit decreased to 7.9% of GDP in 2021 from 8% in 2020 due to improved revenue, reversed tax cuts, and reduced spending. Public debt rose to 68% of GDP at the end of June 2021 from 63% in 2020 due to the primary deficit. Kenya is at high risk of debt distress.

The current account deficit increased to 5.2% of GDP in 2021 because of a larger trade deficit. International reserves reached $8.8 billion at the end of November 2021 compared to $8.1 billion in 2020 (5.4 months of import coverage), due in part to a $737.6 million allocation from the Special Drawing Rights. The exchange rate depreciated by 3.7% year-on-year in 2021. The banking sector is profitable, liquid, and well-capitalized. Yields on government securities and the NSE-20 index, as well as market capitalization, have increased. The number of people living in extreme poverty decreased to 16% in 2021 from 17% in 2020, and unemployment fell to 12.3% from 14.3% over the same period. This can be attributed to growth in per capita income, social safety net programs, and economic recovery.

Growth is expected to slow to 5.9% in 2022 and 5.7% in 2023 due to reduced domestic and external demand caused by lower income and higher costs for food and fuel imports, as well as weak economic activity across sectors due to cost-push factors. Inflation is expected to reach 7%, close to the upper end of the target range (7.5%), because of higher energy and food inflation. The fiscal deficit is expected to narrow to 6.5% of GDP in 2022 and 5.5% in 2023 with the resumption of an International Monetary Fund-supported fiscal consolidation and debt management program. The current account deficit is expected to widen further to 6.1% and 5.2% of GDP over the next two years due to higher bills for fuel and food imports. Risks to this outlook.

Climate Change: A Threat to Kenya’s Prosperity in 2023

In conclusion, climate change is expected to have a negative impact on Kenya’s economy in 2023. Growth is predicted to slow and inflation is expected to increase, while the fiscal and current account deficits are expected to worsen. These economic challenges will likely affect the livelihoods and well-being of the people of Kenya. It is important for the country to continue implementing policies and measures to mitigate and adapt to the impacts of climate change in order to protect its citizens and economy.

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Don’t Waste, Save: Practical Tips to Cut Back on Water Usage in the Home During the Holidays


It’s the holiday season, and that means gatherings with friends and family, plenty of delicious food, and festive cheer. But it also means increased water usage in your home.

Between cooking, washing dishes, and showering, your water bill is likely to be a good bit higher this month. But don’t worry, we’ve got you covered. Below are some practical tips to help you cut back on water usage in your home during the holidays.

Simple Swaps to Reduce Water Usage

Think about it: the holidays are a time when we all tend to use more water than usual. Whether it’s running the dishwasher or washing extra laundry, the surge in water usage can really add up.

But there are simple ways to reduce your water usage without making a big fuss. One easy swap is to think about how you’re using your water. For instance, instead of letting the faucet run while you brush your teeth, turn it off while you’re sudsing up. And instead of taking long showers, try to keep them under 10 minutes.

You can also conserve water by making small changes to your daily routine. For example, try watering your plants and garden in the morning or evening instead of during the heat of the day. And make sure to only run the dishwasher and washing machine when they’re full.

Making a few small changes can add up to big savings on your water bill—and help conserve this valuable resource for years to come.

Install Water-Saving Fixtures

You can also install water-saving fixtures in your home, such as low-flow showerheads and faucet aerators. This can help you reduce your water usage by almost 50%.

Reuse Greywater

One thing you can do to reduce your water usage is to reuse greywater. Greywater is the water that comes from your laundry, shower and bathroom sinks. Instead of sending this water down the drain, you can use it to water your plants or flush your toilet.

To do this, you’ll need a greywater system. This system will divert the greywater from your home to a holding tank or treatment system. There are a number of different greywater systems available, so you can find one that fits your needs and budget.

If you’re not sure if a greywater system is right for you, contact us to get to know what water conservation system is best for you.

11105152 – water pollution

Recycle Rainwater for Outdoor Watering

One way you can save water is by recycling rainwater for outdoor watering. You can do this by collecting rainwater in a rain water tank placed beneath your home’s gutter downspout. Most rain water tanks have a spigot near the bottom so you can attach a pipe and direct the water to where you want it to go.

Not only does this save water, but it also saves money on your water bill. And it’s good for the environment too because you’re not using treated water from the municipal supply.

Install a Smart Irrigation System

If you have a garden, chances are you water it regularly. And while this is great for your plants, it’s not so great for your water bill. One way to cut back on water usage is to install a smart irrigation system.

Smart irrigation systems are designed to water your garden only when it needs it, which means you’re not wasting water (or money) on watering when it’s not necessary.

There are a few different types of smart irrigation systems, but the most common use sensors to determine when watering is needed. Some newer systems even connect to weather forecasts and will adjust watering accordingly.

Installing a smart irrigation system is a great way to save water and money, and it’s something you can do this holiday season to help make your home more sustainable.

Weekly Maintenance Tips for Water Conservation

Here are some practical tips to help you prevent water waste in your home during the holiday season:

– Check all toilets for leaks and have them repaired promptly. A small leak can waste hundreds of liters of water per day.

– Inspect faucets and pipes regularly for leaks and have them repaired as soon as possible.

– Install low-flow showerheads and faucet aerators. This will help you save water without sacrificing performance.

– Use your dishwasher and clothes washer only when they are full. This will save water and energy.

– Collect rainwater in a rain water tanks to water your plants. This is a great way to recycle water that would otherwise be wasted.

– Educate your family and friends about the importance of water conservation. The more people that are aware of the issue, the more we can all do to help solve it.


You may not be able to control the weather, but with a few simple tips, you can conserve water while still enjoying your holiday season. We hope these tips help you cut down on your water usage and save you some money in the process!

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The state of climate change in Kenya

To all the farmers in Tharaka Nithi

The Agricultural Sector Development Support Programme (ASDSP) has warned Tharaka Nithi farmers in Kenya to conserve water and plant early maturing crops ahead of a dry spell expected in December. The programme has warned that the current short rains will become minimal towards the end of the month. Obadiah Munene, ASDSP Value Chain Development Officer, said: “The meteorological department predicted that the rain would be intense in November and reduce towards the end of December and hence our advice to farmers to plant early maturing crops”. He also urged farmers to consider modern methods of weed control to avoid labor shortages.

In Kwale county

The County Government of Kwale has provided 3,500 vulnerable households with relief food as drought continues to ravage coastal Kenya. Governor Fatuma Achani said 200,000 people are in need of food and water. Achani is chair of the County Drought Response Coordination Committee and has ordered that the food be fairly distributed. She called on humanitarian agencies and well-wishers to provide further aid. Achani also revealed that her administration was investing in the construction of mega dams to harvest rainwater for domestic and irrigation purposes. She also called on the Kenya Wildlife Service to address the increased human-wildlife conflict caused by the drought.

The president in Kakamega county.

Kenyan President William Ruto has promised to build dams and complete road projects in the country’s Kakamega region. The president, who visited the region last week, also committed to funding the development of the Kakamega Teaching and Referral Hospital, as well as investing in the sugar mill, gold refinery and granite factory. Ruto also pledged to launch an affordable housing programme, providing 20,000 homes for residents. He also vowed to waive landing fees at the Kakamega airstrip, and to provide jobs for former local leaders.

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Climate change explained.

Weather vs climate

Weather and climate are often confused to have the same meaning but the two words have different meanings. Weather describes the general atmosphere—its temperature, humidity, wind, rainfall and so on over the period of a few days. Climate on the other hand is recorded over a longer period of time, up to 30 years.

What is climate change?

Climate change is a change in the statistical properties of the climate system that persists for several decades or longer—usually at least 30 years. These statistical properties include averages, variability and extremes. Climate change may be due to natural processes, such as changes in the Sun’s radiation, volcanoes or internal variability in the climate system, or due to human influences such as changes in the composition of the atmosphere or land use.

What about global warming?

Global warming is just one aspect of climate change. In fact, they say that global warming refers to the rise in global temperatures due mainly to the increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. On the other hand, climate change refers to the increasing changes in the measures of climate over a long period of time – including precipitation, temperature, and wind patterns.

What Causes Climate Change?

Global climate varies naturally over time scales from decades to thousands of years and longer. These natural variations can originate in two ways: from internal fluctuations that exchange energy, water and carbon between the atmosphere, oceans, land and ice, and from external influences on the climate system, including variations in the energy received from the sun and the effects of volcanic eruptions.

Drought in Taita Taveta
Kenya Red Cross volunteer Elelo Galmagal at Ebeso sublocation examines the carcass of a camel that died due to severe drought in Marsabit County. The government in collaboration with the red cross kicked off livestock offtake program to cushion pastoralists from losses incurred by drought. August 1, 2022. Jack Owuor

Today, human activities are directly increasing atmospheric concentrations of CO2, methane and nitrous oxide, plus some chemically manufactured greenhouse gases such as halocarbons. These human generated gases enhance the natural greenhouse effect and further warm the surface.

If water vapour is the most important greenhouse gas, why all the fuss about CO2?

Water vapour accounts for about half the natural greenhouse effect. Its concentrations in the atmosphere are controlled mainly by atmospheric temperatures and winds, in contrast with the concentrations of other greenhouse gases which are directly influenced by human-induced inputs of these gases to the atmosphere. When global average atmospheric temperatures rise, global water vapour concentrations increase, amplifying the initial warming through an enhanced greenhouse effect. In this way, human activity leads indirectly to increases in water vapour concentrations.

The reality of the water vapour feedback is supported by recent observations and analyses. Increased water vapour concentrations have been observed and attributed to warming, and this feedback approximately doubles the sensitivity of climate to human activities.

What climate change means for the future.

Extreme weather events are already more intense across the globe, threatening lives and livelihoods.

With further warming, some regions could become uninhabitable, as farmland turns into desert. East Africa is currently facing its fifth season of failed rains, which the UN’s World Food Programme says has put up to 22 million people at risk of severe hunger.

Extreme temperatures can also increase the risk of wildfires – as seen in Europe this summer. France and Germany recorded about seven times more land burnt between January and the middle of July 2022, compared with the average.

Hotter temperatures also mean that previously frozen ground will melt in places like Siberia, releasing greenhouse gases trapped for centuries into the atmosphere, further worsening climate change.

A forest fire

In other regions, extreme rainfall is causing historic flooding – as seen recently in China, Pakistan and Nigeria.

People living in developing countries are expected to suffer the most as they have fewer resources to adapt to climate change. But there is frustration from these nations as they have produced the least greenhouse gas emissions.

  • The UK and Europe will be vulnerable to flooding caused by extreme rainfall
  • Countries in the Middle East will experience extreme heatwaves and widespread drought
  • Island nations in the Pacific region could disappear under rising seas
  • Many African nations are likely to suffer droughts and food shortages
  • Drought conditions are likely in the western US, while other areas will see more intense storms
  • Australia is likely to suffer extremes of heat and increases in deaths from wildfires
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The future of sustainable affordable housing in Kenya.

On 11th October 2022 President Ruto inspected the Kings Serenity Affordable Housing Programme project in Ongata Rongai. The Kings Serenity housing project is part of the Boma Yangu initiative whose main agenda is to provide affordable housing to Kenyans. The project aims to provide 15,000 affordable housing units.

The Kings Serenity project is part of former President Uhuru Kenyatta’s affordable housing programme under the Big Four agenda.

As well as the project in Ongata Rongai the programme also aims to build housing units in Mukuru kwa Reuben as well as other areas in the country.


With so many housing units being constructed there will be a huge strain on the existing infrastructure, including wastewater sewage management and water provision. CESP Africa has provided a wastewater management system to aid that strain.

We are in the process of installing a complete wastewater treatment plant that will be complete and operational before 2023, before residents move into the housing units. The treatment plant will not only treat the wastewater produced in the project but will also recycle water that can be used for watering plants and cleaning the environs.

The system is an important part of keeping the overall housing project affordable as it reduces the need for provision of water by other water providers.

The future.

As the Kings Serenity project comes to a close, we hope to be future partners in the provision of affordable housing in Kenya. Not only recycling wastewater but also providing treated water for future housing projects.

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Drought in Taita Taveta

Africa is seeing the effects of climate change despite only contributing 4% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

Food security has been a longstanding issue in many African countries, but with climate change making the situation worse, the future is uncertain. Eastern Africa carries the staggering burden of 70 percent of the world’s food insecure people and 17 percent of global humanitarian need. With the approaching COP27 to be held in Egypt, dubbed Africa’s COP, African nations need to unite to make their needs known.

COP27 to be held in Egypt

There is an even greater emphasis on the need to change, from a reliance on fossil fuels to renewable sources of energy. The war in Ukraine and subsequent interruptions in the supply chain of oil have made it obvious that relying on oil and coal is a bad idea.

The situation in Taita Taveta, Kenya.

Kenya has experienced 4 consecutive failed rainy seasons. Areas such as Taita Taveta county are really seeing the effects of the drought. Many dams, rivers and lakes in the area, especially in the lowland areas of Voi, Mwatate and Taveta sub counties, have almost completely dried up.

They include the historic Kishenyi dam, Kighombo dam, Mwatate earth dam and Voi river among others. Kishenyi dam which supplied water to over 15,000 farmers has almost completely dried up, leaving many with empty farms.

“These areas are deemed to be hotspots in that cattle deaths were reported from the beginning of September. Little or lack of off-season rains also worsened the pasture and water stress,”

NDMA drought early warning bulletin for September.

The rainy season is expected to be between November and December 2022, but until that time there will be continual loss of livestock.

“Farmers should opt for drought-tolerant crops since there is the likelihood of inadequate rainfall. Overstocking should be discouraged to reduce the loss of livestock,”

Met county director Robinson Asira.
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Kibera level 3 hospital

Water desalination plant installed in Kibera level 3 hospital.

Kibera level 3 hospital has received a complete and running water desalination plant to provide the facility clean drinkable water for use. The plant was commissioned by Water CAS Andrew Tuimur and Health CAS Dr Rashid Aman on October 14, 2022.

This water desalination plant is among 28 other plants installed in other health facilities across the country. The plant is solar powered to keep cost of operation low.

Water CAS Andrew Tuimur, WaterKiosk Managing Director Samuel Kinyanjui, Boreal Light CEO Dr Mahed Beheshti explains and Health CAS Dr Rashid Aman during the commissioning of the water desalination plant installed at the Kibera Level 3 hospital, on October 14, 2022

The project is expected to benefit six million people annually and create at least 52 direct jobs and 130 indirect jobs.

The project was initiated in 2020 at the height of the Covid-19 pandemic to support hospitals with clean drinking water after it was realised that potable water was a problem. The plant was installed at the facility by WaterKiosk, a new Nairobi-based company in partnership with DEG (a German company), Boreal Light and the German government.

“Apart from the health facilities facing a challenge accessing clean water for their renal unit, patients had challenges too,” WaterKiosk managing director Samuel Kinyanjui said.

“We have looked at all the gaps we have to fill to improve our health systems. a project like this contributes to that effort because we can provide clean water,” Health CAS Dr Rashid Aman said.

“We have looked at all the gaps we have to fill to improve our health systems. a project like this contributes to that effort because we can provide clean water,”

“The facility has a borehole that produces saline water containing chemicals. Kenyan water tends to be saline.

Health CAS Dr Rashid Aman

The solar desalinisation unit cleans it up to a high degree so water can be used in equipment for renal dialysis,” Aman said.

Nairobi has a water shortage and many estates have borehole water that also comes with high levels of fluoride

The water desalination system is a reverse osmosis filtration system similar to other systems that CESP Africa has installed. The plant operates by removing all dissolved and suspended elements and compounds from the water. The final product of the water desalination process is clean water without any impurities from bacteria, viruses and dissolved salts.

Commercial water treatment system
Water desalination /treatment plant installed in 2 rivers mall by CESP Africa.
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drought kenya

The drought because of 4 failed rainy seasons.

Globally the effects of global warming are evident, the drought in East Africa being an obvious sign. The average sea level has risen by 10cm in the last 30 years. In 2021 there was depletion of the ozone over Antarctica between August and December, creating what is known as the “ozone hole”.

“The 2021 hole was larger and deeper than 70% of ozone holes since 1979, reaching a maximum area of 24.8 million km 2,”

We don’t have to look far to see the real-world effects of climate change. Compounded by other factors, like COVID 19 and the war in Ukraine, the ongoing drought has manifested in increased price of products. Local production has also been hit hard, with maize outputs estimated to be 42-70 per cent below average. Though the areas most affected by the drought are the arid and semi-arid areas of Kenya.

Northern and north-eastern Kenya have been hit the worst by the drought. Again, the drought is compounded with other events to produce the situation we have found ourselves in today. COVID 19, locusts in 2021 and four failed rainy seasons.

Communities in the region that rely on pastoralism and the rains have been hit, potentially irreversibly. Experts say that to recover from one failed rainy season takes 5 years, the amount of time it takes for a calf to reach maturity. And though the people are resilient, 4 failed rainy seasons may be one too many.

With many herds shrinking in size, many are not able to sustain their culture of keeping cattle as a livelihood and sign of wealth, most people in the region are only surviving. Some pushed to the point of relying on bitter wild berries for survival, not for nutritional reasons, but because it is the only thing that is available.

Though elections have recently been held the drought was not a major talking point for the main candidates. The main issue highlighted, especially by those living in urban areas was the high cost of living.

Aspirants and the president-elect all vowed to ease the issues of inflated cost of living. But unless we deal with the issue of the ongoing drought we will only be treating a symptom and not the real problem.

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New home owners often forget about wastewater treatment. Here is how you could save yourself if you plan ahead.

Building your own home is a dream for many people. Moving away from paying rent and stresses of having a landlord can be liberating. As you build your own home there are many considerations you have to make.

From the location you intend to build on to your budget (We’ll talk about this a bit more later in this blog) to the size of your home etc. There are so many things to keep in mind it can get overwhelming. For people planning on building in areas that don’t have a sewer system how you plan on dealing with your wastewater is a consideration to add to that long list.

Often people throw it at the bottom of the list of priorities. Saying things like “We’ll install a septic tank later”

The thing about wastewater treatment is that it can be deceptively expensive and cumbersome to deal with if you don’t plan well. As you are building your home when it comes to wastewater treatment you have a few options; physical water treatment, biological water treatment, chemical treatment, and sludge treatment.

A septic tank uses physical means to clean the wastewater. Septic tanks have their own considerations that we cover here.

Construction site view of a new septic tank.

Today we will look at why one of our domestic wastewater treatment systems could be the answer to your wastewater problems. To read about how exactly the system works you can read here.

Advantages of our wastewater treatment system

  • Efficiency.

Overall, the system is effective in its treatment of wastewater and also produces high quality effluent. The effluent is basically clean water that can be used to water plants or clean driveways.

Because of the reflux step in the treatment process, the system produces a small amount of sludge. Reducing associated maintenance cost and labor.

  • It’s a simple system to install and maintain.

The system comes as a complete and compact package that is ready to install. The only preparations required are digging a hole to fit the system and installing plumbing to get to the system. Maintenance is also simple as it only requires Biotreat, which is a wastewater treatment system additive, and OSS, which is the activated microbial culture.

Installation of our domestic wastewater treatment system.
  • It is a cost-effective system.

Installation is cheaper as it does not require any specialized equipment. Some other systems require structures that have to be specially made.

Maintenance is also cost effective.

Additional considerations

The system produces clean effluent, but it is not fit for human consumption unless additional treatment is done to it. Reverse osmosis filtration is suitable to completely clean the effluent, to read about it click here.

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