climate change

Innovative Climate Resilience Strategies in Africa: A CESP Approach

Climate change poses significant challenges for the African continent, affecting ecosystems, economies, and communities. The Climate-Efficient Sustainability Programs (CESP) in Africa play a crucial role in addressing these challenges by implementing innovative strategies to enhance climate resilience. This topic explores the initiatives undertaken by CESP Africa to mitigate the impacts of climate change and foster sustainable development.

Renewable Energy Solutions: Analyzing CESP Africa’s efforts in promoting and implementing renewable energy projects to reduce carbon emissions and enhance energy security across the continent.

Community-Based Adaptation: Examining community engagement and participatory approaches employed by CESP Africa to build resilience at the local level, considering indigenous knowledge and practices.

Eco-Friendly Agriculture Practices: Investigating how CESP Africa is promoting sustainable and climate-smart agricultural practices to ensure food security while minimizing environmental impact.

Green Infrastructure Development: Assessing the role of CESP Africa in the planning and implementation of green infrastructure projects, such as sustainable urban planning, reforestation, and water management.

Technology Innovation for Climate Monitoring: Exploring the use of advanced technologies and data analytics by CESP Africa for effective climate monitoring, early warning systems, and adaptation planning.

Public Awareness and Education: Discussing CESP Africa’s initiatives in raising awareness about climate change, promoting environmental education, and fostering a sense of responsibility for sustainable living.

Policy Advocacy and Collaboration: Examining how CESP Africa collaborates with governments, NGOs, and international organizations to advocate for and implement climate-friendly policies and strategies.

Measuring and Evaluating Impact: Assessing the effectiveness of CESP Africa’s programs through case studies and impact assessments, considering both short-term and long-term outcomes

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Flooded planes

Floods devastate Taveta herders as heavy rains sweep away livestock

The Taveta region in Kenya has been hit hard by heavy rains which have caused flash floods, resulting in the loss of hundreds of livestock. The affected villages include Kimorigo, Msengoni, Lambo, and Marodo in Mata and Mahoo wards. The floods have also destroyed houses and household items, leaving families in dire need of assistance.

The floods are as a result of heavy rains at the slopes of Mt Kilimanjaro in neighbouring Tanzania. This is not an isolated incident, as the Taveta area is prone to flooding every year, and many people, especially in Mata and Kimorigho, are always displaced by floods.

The government and other humanitarian organizations need to put up measures to mitigate flooding in the region. This will not only prevent loss of life but also prevent waterborne diseases outbreak that can arise due to floods.

Furthermore, Taita Taveta County has been experiencing drought for several months, and over 2,071 cattle, 451 sheep, and 265 goats have died due to the lack of water and pasture. The floods have now worsened the situation, leaving over 70,000 people facing hunger.

To prevent future food scarcity challenges, the county and national governments must prioritize rainwater harvesting for future use and gradually educate the public on new sustainable farming methods. Rainwater harvesting will help farmers throughout the season for both crops and livestock during drought. Additionally, the county and national governments should provide fertilizers and educate farmers on sustainable farming.

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Climate and Resources Update: Government Plans to Solve Water Menace, Wealth Inequality on the Rise, South Africa Struggles with Power and Water Shortages

Climate Crisis Deepens as Wealth Inequality Soars: Oxfam Report Shows Richest One Percent Accumulating 63% of New Wealth

A new report by Oxfam, an international anti-poverty charity, reveals that the world’s richest one percent have accumulated at least $26 trillion, or 63% of all new wealth created globally since 2020, while the rest of the world struggles with inflation, increasing income inequality, and a worldwide economic recession. The report warns that the wealth of the richest few will continue to skyrocket at the expense of the poor if governments do not implement stringent tax measures to curb their accumulation of wealth. Oxfam’s report also shows that the 130 wealthiest individuals in Kenya have more wealth than 33 million Kenyans combined, and the richest one percent have accumulated seven times more wealth than the poorest 50 percent of the population between 2020 and 2021.

Climate Change: The Simple, Serious, and Solvable Existential Threat

Climate change is an existential threat that requires immediate action. The causes of global warming are simple, the consequences are serious, and the solutions are solvable. Emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere cause the ozone layer to deplete, leading to an increase in temperature and a variety of negative consequences such as drought, melting of ice, and rising sea levels. To combat this, we must invest in clean and renewable energy sources such as solar, wind and geothermal, which would not cost more than 1% of GDP. We also urge everyone to rethink their carbon footprint and take action to protect the environment by planting trees, conserving water, and using alternative sources of energy.

Kenya Launches Ambitious Plan to Address Water Shortages with 10,000 Projects

The Kenyan government has launched an ambitious plan called the “Water 10,000 program” to deliver clean, safe and adequate water for all Kenyans. The program will focus on short, medium and long-term water projects that require minimal cost but have high impact and a quick turnaround, including construction of boreholes, water pans, small dams and springs, desilting of existing pans and dams, and solarization for sustainability. Under the short-term plan, the government aims to construct small dams and boreholes, while under the long-term plan, 100 large dams will be built across the country to address the water problem permanently. The government is also planning to complete sanitation projects in the counties under a medium-term plan, which is between six months and one year.

South Africa Struggles with Power and Water Shortages

South Africa is facing a crisis as power utility Eskom implemented Stage 6 of load shedding and the National Energy Regulator of South Africa (Nersa) approved a 18.6% tariff increase. This means that power cuts are scheduled over a four-day period for four hours at a time, and residents will be paying more for electricity that they are not getting enough of. The prolonged, high stages of load-shedding are also having an impact on water supply operations in the city, notably in the hilly neighbourhood areas where water needs to be pumped to get to people’s homes. The author reflects on their experiences living through rationing of water and power in Nairobi in 2000, and in Cape Town’s countdown to Day Zero in 2018, and draws parallels to the current situation in South Africa.

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The Implications of Changing Precipitation Patterns on Water Resource Management in Africa

Climate change is expected to have a significant impact on precipitation patterns in Africa, and the effect on water resource management in the region is of great concern. The continent is already facing water scarcity, and the changes in precipitation patterns will only exacerbate the problem. It is essential that Africa understands and prepares for these changes to ensure a sustainable future for its water resources.

Water availability

One of the most significant impacts of changing precipitation patterns in Africa is on water availability. The region is expected to experience more frequent and severe droughts due to decreased rainfall, which will lead to water scarcity and increased competition for limited water resources. This is particularly concerning for rural communities and smallholder farmers who rely heavily on rainfall for their livelihoods.

UN drought appeal 2023
A man gives water to a thirsty donkey in drought-stricken Kenya.

Another impact of changing precipitation patterns is on water quality. Increased rainfall can cause erosion and sedimentation, leading to the degradation of water quality. Additionally, heavy rainfall can wash pollutants into waterways, resulting in contamination of drinking water sources. This is a major concern for many African communities that already lack access to clean water.

How can we adapt?

Adaptation strategies that can help African communities and industries to cope with changing precipitation patterns include:
Investing in water storage infrastructure to capture and store water during periods of high rainfall for use during dry periods.
Implementing water-saving measures, such as using drought-tolerant crops or implementing water-efficient irrigation systems.
Developing early warning systems for floods and droughts to help communities prepare and respond quickly.
Creating green infrastructure to manage storm water and reduce the risk of flooding.
Building sea walls and other coastal protection measures to protect against sea level rise.
It’s important to note that changing precipitation patterns will have different impacts in different regions of Africa and on different sectors, so it’s crucial that water resource management strategies are tailored to the specific needs and circumstances of each community.


In conclusion, changing precipitation patterns as a result of climate change will have a significant impact on water resource management in Africa. The continent is already facing water scarcity, and the changes in precipitation patterns will only exacerbate the problem. It is essential that Africa understands and prepares for these changes to ensure a sustainable future for its water resources.

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What you can expect in climate change in Kenya in 2023

United Nations and partners call for $472.6 million to respond in 2023 as the drought in Kenya deepens

The United Nations and partners are calling for $472.6 million in aid to help 4.3 million drought-affected people in Kenya in 2023, as the crisis is expected to worsen. The drought in Kenya is the longest and most severe in recent history, and the needs of those in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) region continue to rise. It is estimated that 6.4 million people in ASALs will need humanitarian assistance in 2023.

At least 4.35 million people are going hungry and about 5 million do not have access to clean water. There have also been reports of children dropping out of school and increases in child marriage cases. Despite being an underfunded crisis, 89 humanitarian partners reached nearly 1 million people with aid between January and September 2022. However, the exceptional duration and severity of the drought has led to projections of a possible sixth consecutive poor rainy season from March to May 2023.

UN drought appeal 2023
A man gives water to a thirsty donkey in drought-stricken Kenya.

Below-average short rains ameliorate rangeland resources, but conditions remain poor.

The historic drought in Kenya is continuing, with the October to December 2022 short rains being the fifth consecutive below-average season. Rainfall at the end of November was less than 70% of the 30-year average across most of the country, with large areas in the northwest, north, and east recording less than 55% of the average. The short rains have provided some stabilization in water and pasture conditions in northern Kenya’s pastoral areas, but vegetation greenness is still less than 60% of the 10-year average.

In western Kenya, rainfall is average to above average, supporting agricultural production. Across pastoral areas, rangeland resources are still well below normal, and poor vegetation and long trekking distances for water are maintaining poor livestock conditions and low milk production. In the marginal agricultural areas, the area planted with staple food is below average due to the late onset and below-average rainfall, as well as constrained access to income for seeds and inputs. Staple food prices remain high across the country due to successive below-average production seasons, high demand, high marketing costs, and reduced cross-border imports. This is limiting household purchasing power, particularly for poor market-dependent households.

Kenya forecast for 2023
Map of Kenya showing expected food insecurity conditions in 2023.

Tree Planting Initiative to Benefit Local Community in 2023

On November 9th, 2022, Laikipia Air Base (LAB) in Nanyuki, Kenya, partnered with Kenya Water Towers to launch a tree planting initiative with the goal of planting over 30,000 trees within the region. This initiative is not only part of the Kenya Defence Forces’ environmental soldier program, but it is also expected to benefit the local community in 2023 by improving air quality and providing a source of shade and possibly even fruit.

The tree planting is also in support of the country’s plan to plant 5 billion new trees as part of its climate change mitigation efforts. The Base Commander, Brigadier Mohamud Farah, thanked Kenya Water Towers for their donation of 15,230 tree seedlings and participation in the program. The event was attended by LAB Commanding Officers, officers, base sergeant major, service members, and representatives from Kenya Water Towers.

Kdf tree planting Laikipia
Soldiers planting trees at Laikipia Air Base in Nanyuki, Kenya.

Understanding the Effects of the Drought in Kenya on the Economy and Financial Situation in 2023

In 2021, Kenya’s economy grew by 6.7% after a contraction of 0.3% in 2020. Growth was driven by the service industry and private consumption, which both benefited from supportive policies and eased COVID-19 restrictions. Inflation increased to 6.1% in 2021 from 5.3% in 2020 due to higher input costs. The fiscal deficit decreased to 7.9% of GDP in 2021 from 8% in 2020 due to improved revenue, reversed tax cuts, and reduced spending. Public debt rose to 68% of GDP at the end of June 2021 from 63% in 2020 due to the primary deficit. Kenya is at high risk of debt distress.

The current account deficit increased to 5.2% of GDP in 2021 because of a larger trade deficit. International reserves reached $8.8 billion at the end of November 2021 compared to $8.1 billion in 2020 (5.4 months of import coverage), due in part to a $737.6 million allocation from the Special Drawing Rights. The exchange rate depreciated by 3.7% year-on-year in 2021. The banking sector is profitable, liquid, and well-capitalized. Yields on government securities and the NSE-20 index, as well as market capitalization, have increased. The number of people living in extreme poverty decreased to 16% in 2021 from 17% in 2020, and unemployment fell to 12.3% from 14.3% over the same period. This can be attributed to growth in per capita income, social safety net programs, and economic recovery.

Growth is expected to slow to 5.9% in 2022 and 5.7% in 2023 due to reduced domestic and external demand caused by lower income and higher costs for food and fuel imports, as well as weak economic activity across sectors due to cost-push factors. Inflation is expected to reach 7%, close to the upper end of the target range (7.5%), because of higher energy and food inflation. The fiscal deficit is expected to narrow to 6.5% of GDP in 2022 and 5.5% in 2023 with the resumption of an International Monetary Fund-supported fiscal consolidation and debt management program. The current account deficit is expected to widen further to 6.1% and 5.2% of GDP over the next two years due to higher bills for fuel and food imports. Risks to this outlook.

Climate Change: A Threat to Kenya’s Prosperity in 2023

In conclusion, climate change is expected to have a negative impact on Kenya’s economy in 2023. Growth is predicted to slow and inflation is expected to increase, while the fiscal and current account deficits are expected to worsen. These economic challenges will likely affect the livelihoods and well-being of the people of Kenya. It is important for the country to continue implementing policies and measures to mitigate and adapt to the impacts of climate change in order to protect its citizens and economy.

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Don’t Waste, Save: Practical Tips to Cut Back on Water Usage in the Home During the Holidays


It’s the holiday season, and that means gatherings with friends and family, plenty of delicious food, and festive cheer. But it also means increased water usage in your home.

Between cooking, washing dishes, and showering, your water bill is likely to be a good bit higher this month. But don’t worry, we’ve got you covered. Below are some practical tips to help you cut back on water usage in your home during the holidays.

Simple Swaps to Reduce Water Usage

Think about it: the holidays are a time when we all tend to use more water than usual. Whether it’s running the dishwasher or washing extra laundry, the surge in water usage can really add up.

But there are simple ways to reduce your water usage without making a big fuss. One easy swap is to think about how you’re using your water. For instance, instead of letting the faucet run while you brush your teeth, turn it off while you’re sudsing up. And instead of taking long showers, try to keep them under 10 minutes.

You can also conserve water by making small changes to your daily routine. For example, try watering your plants and garden in the morning or evening instead of during the heat of the day. And make sure to only run the dishwasher and washing machine when they’re full.

Making a few small changes can add up to big savings on your water bill—and help conserve this valuable resource for years to come.

Install Water-Saving Fixtures

You can also install water-saving fixtures in your home, such as low-flow showerheads and faucet aerators. This can help you reduce your water usage by almost 50%.

Reuse Greywater

One thing you can do to reduce your water usage is to reuse greywater. Greywater is the water that comes from your laundry, shower and bathroom sinks. Instead of sending this water down the drain, you can use it to water your plants or flush your toilet.

To do this, you’ll need a greywater system. This system will divert the greywater from your home to a holding tank or treatment system. There are a number of different greywater systems available, so you can find one that fits your needs and budget.

If you’re not sure if a greywater system is right for you, contact us to get to know what water conservation system is best for you.

11105152 – water pollution

Recycle Rainwater for Outdoor Watering

One way you can save water is by recycling rainwater for outdoor watering. You can do this by collecting rainwater in a rain water tank placed beneath your home’s gutter downspout. Most rain water tanks have a spigot near the bottom so you can attach a pipe and direct the water to where you want it to go.

Not only does this save water, but it also saves money on your water bill. And it’s good for the environment too because you’re not using treated water from the municipal supply.

Install a Smart Irrigation System

If you have a garden, chances are you water it regularly. And while this is great for your plants, it’s not so great for your water bill. One way to cut back on water usage is to install a smart irrigation system.

Smart irrigation systems are designed to water your garden only when it needs it, which means you’re not wasting water (or money) on watering when it’s not necessary.

There are a few different types of smart irrigation systems, but the most common use sensors to determine when watering is needed. Some newer systems even connect to weather forecasts and will adjust watering accordingly.

Installing a smart irrigation system is a great way to save water and money, and it’s something you can do this holiday season to help make your home more sustainable.

Weekly Maintenance Tips for Water Conservation

Here are some practical tips to help you prevent water waste in your home during the holiday season:

– Check all toilets for leaks and have them repaired promptly. A small leak can waste hundreds of liters of water per day.

– Inspect faucets and pipes regularly for leaks and have them repaired as soon as possible.

– Install low-flow showerheads and faucet aerators. This will help you save water without sacrificing performance.

– Use your dishwasher and clothes washer only when they are full. This will save water and energy.

– Collect rainwater in a rain water tanks to water your plants. This is a great way to recycle water that would otherwise be wasted.

– Educate your family and friends about the importance of water conservation. The more people that are aware of the issue, the more we can all do to help solve it.


You may not be able to control the weather, but with a few simple tips, you can conserve water while still enjoying your holiday season. We hope these tips help you cut down on your water usage and save you some money in the process!

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The state of climate change in Kenya

To all the farmers in Tharaka Nithi

The Agricultural Sector Development Support Programme (ASDSP) has warned Tharaka Nithi farmers in Kenya to conserve water and plant early maturing crops ahead of a dry spell expected in December. The programme has warned that the current short rains will become minimal towards the end of the month. Obadiah Munene, ASDSP Value Chain Development Officer, said: “The meteorological department predicted that the rain would be intense in November and reduce towards the end of December and hence our advice to farmers to plant early maturing crops”. He also urged farmers to consider modern methods of weed control to avoid labor shortages.

In Kwale county

The County Government of Kwale has provided 3,500 vulnerable households with relief food as drought continues to ravage coastal Kenya. Governor Fatuma Achani said 200,000 people are in need of food and water. Achani is chair of the County Drought Response Coordination Committee and has ordered that the food be fairly distributed. She called on humanitarian agencies and well-wishers to provide further aid. Achani also revealed that her administration was investing in the construction of mega dams to harvest rainwater for domestic and irrigation purposes. She also called on the Kenya Wildlife Service to address the increased human-wildlife conflict caused by the drought.

The president in Kakamega county.

Kenyan President William Ruto has promised to build dams and complete road projects in the country’s Kakamega region. The president, who visited the region last week, also committed to funding the development of the Kakamega Teaching and Referral Hospital, as well as investing in the sugar mill, gold refinery and granite factory. Ruto also pledged to launch an affordable housing programme, providing 20,000 homes for residents. He also vowed to waive landing fees at the Kakamega airstrip, and to provide jobs for former local leaders.

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